Every player is familiar with it. But almost nobody is able to avoid it.
We know it as “Tilt.” And it’s one of the most destructive – and mysterious – phenomenons in the poker world.
Here we’ll explore the reasons for it, forms of it and the consequences of one of the most common leaks in poker.
Importantly, we’ll also tell you just what you can do to fix it.
A Story You Might Have Heard Before
Our hero is a regular No-Limit Hold’em player. He plays cash games and is currently going through a difficult phase.
For several weeks now things have not been going so well. He’s lost more coin flips than he should have, he can’t hit his draws, and if he has a strong hand his opponent often has an even better one.
So, our hero takes a break from poker. After a couple of days he feels better. He sits down at the monitor in a good mood and begins to play.
Four hours later: Our hero has lost four stacks and got unlucky several times. Eventually he gets all his money in with pocket aces and gets sucked out on by pocket kings.
In the very next hand he 5-bet shoves his money in in a blind battle with A-9 and loses to pocket queens. He slams shut his laptop and smashes his mouse against the wall.
He’s on tilt.
Blame It on Variance
The phenomenon of tilt is as old as poker.
The origin of tilt is variance. Variance makes sure that there will always be random winning and losing streaks along with certifiably outrageous set-ups.
Extreme situations can cause players to lose focus and distract from their regular playing level. In cases like this, we’re talking about tilt.
A player’s “absolute” skill level is not the only decisive factor for long-term success at poker. You also need a lot of mental strength — and this strength is often underrated.
Luck and Bad Luck
One of the very few players famous for being “immune” to tilt was the legendary Chip Reese. Deemed “The true King of Poker” by Daniel Negreanu and called “arguably the best player who ever lived” by his long-time friend Doyle Brunson, Reese is an icon in the poker world.
He died prematurely of a heart attack in 2007 when he was only 56.
Reese was known as the player who never showed any reaction, any change in his level of play, no matter how bad things would get. Many Las Vegas pros still remember and admire him for his skills.
Jesse May, TV commentator for numerous poker shows, once said that the most important thing in poker is to be able to deal both with luck and with bad luck.
If you’re a poker player, you know this is much tougher than it sounds. Frequently emotions suddenly well up and cloud your senses.
More Forms of Tilt Than You Might Think
Most players associate, and suffer from, the following with tilt:
After a bad beat or an extended (real or imagined) downswing, you lose control over your game. You play too loosely because you are fuming.
These are all things that happen to all of us. But tilt is a much more general problem and it means first and foremost that you’re simply not playing your A game – for any reason.
Playing Emotionally Instead of Rationally
There are a lot of different factors that can trigger tilt – luck, bad luck, fatigue, despondency, depression, euphoria.
All of these things can be responsible for players playing more “emotionally” instead of “rationally.”
There are individual reasons for going on tilt and there are also varying degrees of it. But there’s one thing that all player s have in common: we are all susceptible.
Some of us more than others, but it concerns everyone. Just a few ways an emotional poker meter can be tilted:
1. Player A dislikes Player B. The reasons are really secondary. Player A decides it’s time to show Player B who the better player is. He starts confronting Player B with weak hands and plays too aggressively.
2. Player C takes a shot at a higher level. This puts him under a lot of stress and he plays with scared money. He becomes more careful and plays too passively.
3. Player D has had a fun night out. He comes home late at night and feels great. He opens his poker client and starts to play. Because of his “good mood” he plays too many hands and becomes careless.
These are but a few examples of how emotions influence your game. Bad beats and lost pots are or course right there, too.
The important thing is you have to find out for yourself why and when you’re losing your A game. Understanding is the first step to improving.
Tilt Comes From All Angles
This applies to many things in life and tilt is no exception. No matter which level you play on, if you are an ambitious player you have to make rational, reason-based decisions.
The more you let emotions take over your game, the more your decisions are going to deviate from rational ones.
Playing emotionally over any period, large or small, will have terrible consequences for your bankroll. Remember to realize tilt comes at you from all angles and there are myriad ways it shows itself.
A player who is emotionally out of balance loses his game and as a consequence will make sub-optimal decisions.
There are a lot of different kinds of emotional disturbances for a poker player but we can put them all into two general categories consisting of opposite veins.
Tilt Syndrome 1 – Loose-Aggressive vs Tight-Passive
Loose-Aggressive Tilt is by far the most common. Every poker player is familiar with it.
You play too many hands and fall back into making beginners mistakes which you thought you had long overcome.
It applies to all forms of tilt that the damage it does depends on how long you are on it and how far you deviate from your regular game. These are typical factors that trigger tilt:
Frustration after bad beats a bad run of cards/play chasing losses to get back even during a long session feeling unbeatable because of constantly good results giving up on oneself, feeling “whatever,” getting upset being impatient and trying to make up mistakes quickly feeling vengeful against a specific player
This form of tilt is usually rather short-termed. Players tend to calm down after lashing out, even if they lose a stack.
The opposite of loose-aggressive tilt is Tight-Passive Tilt. This is a much more placid form but still just as disastrous.
You stop playing your regular tight-aggressive game and become too careful and defensive. Typical triggers for this form of tilt:
loss/lack of self-confidence a bad run of cards/play feeling insecure (because of an unusual environment, playing a new game) playing limits too high for your bankroll “securing” your winnings (not being willing to risk money won during that session) irrational fear (for example of specific hands we lost money with; superstition)
Contrary to Loose-Aggressive Tilt, which is fairly obvious and easy to spot, Tight-Passive Tilt is much more elusive.
Whereas loose-aggressive tilt is like a quick outburst of anger, tight-passive tilt can really creep into your game without attracting much attention and become a permanent problem.
This is why Tight-Passive Tilt is so dangerous – and so expensive.
Quite often, these forms of tilt correspond to a player’s personality, which makes it a little easier to detect them.
But there are cases where tilt brings out a hidden part of someone’s character, something that changes them completely and makes them almost unrecognizable even to their friends.
Tilt Syndrome 2 – Fancy Play vs ABC Poker
The phenomenons described above are the most common ones at the poker table. But there are several other forms of tilt that have completely different causes.
One of them is Fancy-Play Syndrome. It’s not a very frequent form but there are players who get affected by it all the time. Typical triggers of it are:
Exaggerated self-confidence (having a good run, getting several risky bluffs through) Narcissistic streaks (especially at live tables, when players try to impress others at the table) Pushing for success (usually when being card dead for a long spell and then trying to bluff anyway)
Another – very frequent – form of tilt is the ABC Poker trap. It’s particularly dangerous because a lot of players fall into it all the time and don’t even notice it.
With players getting stronger and stronger today, nobody can afford that tilt anymore as it leads to permanent money loss. Typical triggers of this tilt are:
Underestimating opponents (thinking “ABC poker” is enough to beat them) Lack of focus (simultaneously surfing the internet, checking the mailbox, making calls, watching TV, reading, etc) Tiredness, Boredom Being distraught Lack of self-confidence
If you’re an online player, you have to give ABC Poker Tilt a lot of respect. Very busy players in particular, who play a lot daily, often go on autopilot and lose their inspiration.
This is also the most difficult form of tilt to identify as players are not really doing anything “wrong.” This also makes it one of the most dangerous. Where Fancy-Play Syndrome is usually a short affair, ABC Poker can become a chronic disease.
Defining and Fighting Tilt
You’ll only be able to recognize tilt if you understand your emotions.
Successful poker pro Liv Boeree says you need to check on your emotions before you even sit down at a poker table to be able to respond accordingly.
According to her it’s crucial to accept that your emotions are a natural reaction to positive or negative incidents.
However, this is by far not enough to conquer tilt when tilt threatens to conquer you.
Simpler and easier to get a handle on are the financial consequences of tilt. In short, how much it costs you.
The Price of Tilt
Example: Player A is a successful No-Limit Hold’em player at NL100. He usually plays online and as long as he’s in control of his game/emotions he posts a solid win rate of 3BB/100 hands.
Unfortunately he’s very vulnerable to tilt and he also knows that sometimes he loses control.
If he has a really bad session he has found himself getting furious and blowing off his whole stack with bad bluffs.
Sometimes the bad bluff works, but let’s assume for our calculation that our hero loses 100 big blinds every time he “loses it.”
If he normally wins 3 big blinds per 100 hands that means he needs to play 3,333 hands to make up that single episode of tilt
As a full-ring multi-tabling player he plays around 300 hands per hour so he needs to play 11 hours to win that back.
Think about this: 11 hours of perfect poker to get back the money you lose in one, stupid hand. There’s Still Time to Right the Ship
Every reasonable poker player understands this point. But that doesn’t stop most of us from going berserk.
IT IS CRUCIAL to realize one’s own emotions and respond accordingly. If you want to be a serious player, you just have to be able to do it.
If you notice you’re losing your control, follow the advice below to readjust:
• For all forms of tilt: Stop playing and take a break immediately. It’s simple but efficient. You will cool down and be able to refocus.
• For all forms of tilt: Read as many books and articles as you can. They will inspire you, broaden your knowledge and give you a better grip on basic techniques.
• For loose-aggressive tilt: step down to the micro-limits and blow a couple of stacks away. Release your aggression for little cost.
• For tight-passive tilt: Step down one or two limits to one you know you can beat. This will give you back your self-confidence and assurance.
• For fancy play syndrome: Get back to basics, stop bluffing and showing-off. Play standard, “good,” tight-aggressive poker.
• For ABC poker tilt: Increase your bluffing frequency, try check-raising some more, play some more over bets. You need to get away from your standard, easy to exploit game. Develop some new ideas, and you will develop more self-confidence.
Checking Your Tilt is Essential
There is no poker player on the planet who can afford to go on tilt. Everyone who takes the game seriously has to get to know him/herself and his/her tilt tendencies.
You need to identify, deal and overcome it. Always be introspective. Check your emotional state constantly so you’ll recognize dangerous developments.
If you can detect tilt before it does severe damage you will be A LOT more successful in the long run. And that, of course, needs to be your goal and your motivation.